Wow… acids have slapped my skin cells into shape and the results are incredible.
Acids are fairly new in my skincare routine (6 months) but boy did I learn a lot about them and saw the amazing effects it has on my skin. From the good, the bad, do’s, don’ts… You will benefit from my mistake of diving into this world blindly and reap the rewards!
Benefits of acids:
- Increase cell turnover rate
- Minimize appearance of fine lines and wrinkles
- Minimize appearance of pores
- Brightens the skin
- Reduces appearance of scars
- Reduces appearance of hyperpigmentation
- Firms skin
- Smoothes out skin texture (i.e., keratosis pilaris, acne, milia, etc.)
- Hydrates/Moisturizes skin
Now, there are two categories of acids: AHA (Alpha Hydroxy Acids) and BHA (Beta Hydroxy Acids).
AHA penetrates the skin by exfoliating the outermost layer (epidermis) while also being able to penetrate the second layer (dermis) to promote firming and collagen production of the skin. It’s a great two-in-one acid but it is more likely to irritate skin. AHA are commonly derived from food, depending on the food, you get the following acids: Lactic Acids, Glycolic Acids, Citrus Acids, Malic Acids, and Tartaric Acids.
I just wanted to note that Glycolic acid is a smaller molecule acid than lactic acid, which will allow it to penetrate the skin deeper. Since it penetrates the skin deeper, one is more likely to get irritated skin.
BHA penetrates the skin and pores; targeted for people with oily and acne prone skin. The main acid to that is categorized as a BHA is Salicylic Acid. Salicylic Acid is a a common over the counter ingredient for many consumers experiencing troubled skin. This is targets for skin that has a lot of build up in its pores and sebum.
How to use you ask? I gotchu!
Well, this is where I had the biggest learning curve. If you do not slowly introduce these acids into your skincare routine, your skin will freak the f*** out. I don’t have sensitive skin and believed I could jump into these acids balls to the walls and boy, was I wrong. My skin. Broke. Out. and it broke out for a good 2 weeks. So please, dilute this product with a moisturizer or oil. Use it every few days and once the stinging/tingling subsides, you can use less moisturizer and apply it more frequently.
Now my skin looks like porcelain. It is so smooth, soft, minimized pores and blackheads, and minimized my fine lines. I am looking forward to continue being a skincare chemist and dabbling in different skincare products as well as testing out skincare products.
Note: The acid categories and types can be used interchangeably for your specific skin needs. All AHA products will benefit your skin but it is important to note you should review the product as a whole rather than targeting a main ingredient. If the product is not developed properly, it can do more harm than good. Also, focus on your current skin and what your goal is with a product. This will help narrow down your scope and give you a targeted group of products.
Need help? Let me know and I would love to hear from you and guide you in the right direction 🙂